|A city suburb flooded during the recent rains Source: angelozima.com|
In the past politics has been linked to climate change but it’s not easily understood, there is some evidence to prove that exists. Drought in Syria between 2006 and 2011, which was the worst ever recorded destroyed almost everything including agriculture, which led to many families migrating from the rural areas to cities. This human influx added to the already stressed social structure by the refugees from the Iraq war. This added to other stressors leading to a full blown conflict in the region.
Egypt faces a similar trend from climate change, if sea levels rise to a height that would salinize the Nile Delta. About 3million people from the city of Alexandria will be forced out, the Suez Canal may not be that important in the future when the North Sea melts. If the precipitation reduced leading to water shortage more drastic measures (Military) would be adopted that would be directed towards Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan and other nations up stream of the Nile. In Abu Simbel which is near the Sudan border has had a civilian airport turned into a military one and this has been labelled as a military threat to upstream nations of the Nile.
Last year (2015) Africa was hit hard by El Nino, with high precipitation in East Africa, typhoons in Madagascar and drought in Southern Africa. UNICEF estimates that over 11m children are at risk of diseases, hunger and water shortages. Uganda is deciding on the 18th February 2016 who will lead it for the next 5 years, analyzing what Syria is going through and what may happen in Egypt, is an eye opener for Ugandan voters. From the 8 candidates (Kizza Besigye, Amama Mbabazi, Yoweri Museveni, Elton Joseph Mabirizi, Maureen Kyalya Waluube, Dr. Abed Bwanika, Major General Bilaaro and Prof. Venansius Baryamureeba) who will be able to prevent the Syria crisis from manifesting in Uganda, when currently wetlands and forest are being given away to investors at almost no cost (Dairy Corporation sold at $1in 2005). A snapshot of promises made by the presidential candidates for the 2016 – 2021 term.
He promises to establish urban forests and green belts aimed at enhancing forest cover in the country. Allocate about 3% of the budget to compensate wetland holders and institutions that protect the environment will be supported. Provide tree seeds to increase number of trees in Uganda.
He promises to introduce a fisheries cooperative to organize communities. He also explores restocking our water bodies and commit a special budget to help in fish feeding. Promote and install a solar support system in all sub – counties that will reduce or eliminate dependency on firewood, charcoal and (tadoba) kerosene lamps.
He promises to attract investment in natural resources with an aim of adding value to the resources as a way of creating jobs. Through Farm Income Enhancement and Forestry Conservation he has ensured forest cover which is protected and increased for sustainable development. Wetlands will be protected and also educate the communities on their sustainable wetland use. Degraded fragile ecosystems have been restored and others will be protected from encroachment
Elton Joseph Mabirizi
He promises to establish environment conservation and environment impact assessments. Establish strict regulations on chemical and emissions from mining and compensate those affected.
Maureen Kyalya Waluube……………………………
Dr. Abed Bwanika
He promises to introduce environmental studies incorporated in primary and secondary syllabi. Amend environmental protection regulations and law to fit global commitments towards climate change mitigations. Establish facilities for medical, batteries, tyres and e – waste disposal. Develop solid waste management in rural communities.
Major General Bilaaro……………………………………
Prof. Venansius Baryamureeba
He promises clean and safe water to all Ugandans while joining the rest of world in the fight against climate change. Promote sustainable socio – economic development and allocate 11% of the budget to agriculture, environment and water. Protect forests and regulate the cutting of trees while provide tree seedlings for reforestation. Support the production of improved cooking stoves and encourage the use of solar energy.
Climate Change should be used to determine who leads Uganda and elsewhere.