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Low oil prices are fighting climate change

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Its use which dates back over 150 years shows the first 50 years, production was minimal for light and heating, from the 20th century the scale of production has been on the increase. In Uganda the oil has been discovered in the Albertine Graben covering about 500 kilometres by 45 kilometres next to DRC, in the south lies Lake Edward and South Sudan in the north.  The area is estimated to have around 2.5 billion barrels of oil, which will produce 1,200,000 million kgs of Carbon dioxide, with the recent fall in prices Uganda has to back track production.
Easy to drill deposits have been exhausted leaving high risk and high cost like artic drilling, Brazil deep water reservoirs, tar sands in Alberta. With the oil prices dropping from $100 to about $40 per barrel does not make it profitable. Shell’s halt in Alberta (418 million barrels), means that the world would be saved from 200,640 million kgs of Carbon dioxide, its future tar sand projects of about 3 billion barrels will be put on h…

Issues of Eucalyptus Plantations

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It was estimated that in 1989 world wood consumption was around 4,560 million m3    most of which was from non-sustainable sources.  A projected consumption of 2010 was at 6,860 million m3 which meant further loss of natural tree cover leading to desertification.  There are indigenous species that can be used to control desertification but they are a difficult to establish. Fast growing species like Eucalyptus have been a quick fix, in producing firewood for charcoal reducing the rate at which vegetation is being cleared for firewood. An estimation of 25 million ha of fast growing trees are needed to satisfy the demand for fuel wood in Sub Saharan Africa.
Eucalyptus has been planted indiscriminately, where there is competition for land, water or nutrients that has brought a few problems including; the reduction of natural forests depriving the people of their benefits; it has promoted soil and nutrients loss; it has reduced hydrological values when water resources dry up; it causes bi…

Ugandan Flowers

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Commercial flower farming started around 1992 and it was as result of the decline in volume and value of traditional cash crops i.e. cotton, coffee and tea. The Uganda Flower Exporters Association (UFEA) says that about 178 hectares of land is used by the flower industry where 145.5 hectares (roses), 30.5 hectares (chrysanthemums) and 2.1 hectares (plants and foliage). There are more than 19 companies some are foreign owned, joint ventures and locally owned. Most of them are located near Lake Victoria and near the airport.
Wetlands are targeted by most of these companies like the Lake Victoria Lutembe Bay was targeted and reclaimed by Rosebud LTD for flower growing. Little was done by National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) and the government. May be the government does not understand their functions to the ecosystem, that is a topic for another day. But the United Nations (UN) estimated that the global value of wetlands at $15 trillion and some of the functions include clima…

Uganda’s transport sector and climate change

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EAC reacts to the Paris Agreement ahead of Marrakesh

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The East African Community is composed of 6 countries with the newest member South Sudan that are economically, socially and culturally integrating as way of improving the wellbeing of its people. Agriculture is the largest sector in the region which is rain fed and its vulnerability to climate change is high. Making the issue of climate change very important to the region. A climate change policy has been developed to foster sustainable development through well organised mitigation and adaptation strategies. 
Temperature it was agreed to limit the global temperature below 2° Celsius and further to 1.5° Celsius. Where developing countries in the EAC were expected to develop a low carbon sustainable development strategy.  Keeping temperature below 2° Celsius should be the main priority of developing countries in the EAC community as most of its economic activities are climate change sensitive. The above to be achieved the burning of fossil fuels should cease by 2030 world over.
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Trade liberalization and climate change

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Trade has been expanding in terms of volume for the past 50 years, and in this time it has been faster than the 19th and 20th century put together due to technological change and liberalization.  This liberalization of trade has increased the number of countries taking part in international trade, where developing countries contribution has doubled to 34% since the early 1960s. A study to examine the environmental impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) broke down the effects into three (scale, technique and composition).
The scale of greenhouse gas emissions will increase as of the result of expanded level of economic activity, this can be viewed in the increase in the value of production, increase in energy use like fossil fuels and cross border transport. In 2004 transport contributed about 23% greenhouse gas emissions, where 74% came from road, 8.6% from marine and 12% from air transport (International Energy Agency).
Liberalisation will lead to improvements in th…

The state of GMOs in climate change strained Uganda

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GMO maize at Namulonge, a research station north Kampala (www.busiweek.com)
Crop production is very sensitive to temperature and climate change this has put the global food security in the balance.  About 30% yield of maize is lost to drought as result the Uganda government is losing an estimated $19.4 million. While the loss in the banana sector is 71.4% which is about $299.6 million due to banana bacterial wilt.
Due to change in climatic conditions and population increase, scientists are using modern biotechnology to genetically modified plants to make them climate change resistant. This means you have to repurchase new seed from them each season, opposed to the traditional practice of saving seed from one season’s harvest to plant the next. Multinational companies have patents that do not allow traditional seed propagation, which makes agriculture an expensive venture for the youth. However, patented crops don’t know they’re not supposed to spread like natural ones. Farms can easily …

Uganda’s Black Gold

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Uganda’s growth in energy demand has been due to the rapid population growth and urbanisation though the supply has not had that corresponding growth. Filling the gap hydroelectricity has been the cheapest and convenient alternative and whose demand was estimated by Uganda’s National Development Plan to reach 35,000MW in 2015. Its high price and limited access has made wood fuel the largest source of energy in Uganda, about 95% Ugandan’s depend on wood and charcoal for cooking. Charcoal is reliable, accessible and convenient cooking source, with affordable and stable prices.
As commonly known as ‘Black Gold’ by many, households who are part of the value chain have had their socio – economic status up lifted. Traders who got their charcoal from Hoima Nakasongola, Luwero, Masindi, Kafu, Luwero and eastern Uganda have had the private and community forests cover depleted. The northern part of Uganda which had its forest flourish during the 2 decades of Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) conflic…